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19세기 전ㆍ중반기 프랑스 선교사들의 조선 입국 시도와 서해 해로 - 1830~50년대를 중심으로
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간행물정보 교회사연구 2009년, 敎會史硏究 第32輯, 31page~78page(총48page)
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연관 논문
인물중심 한국 특수교육의 역사적 고찰
김대건 신부의 해로를 통한 조선 입국로 -
19세기 프랑스 동양학의 한국어 연구 - 아벨 레뮈자(Abel-Rémusat)에서 레옹 드 로니(Léon de Rosny)까지
1884~1910년의 급성전염병에 대한 개신교 의료선교사업 - 개항기 조선인의 질병관, 의료체계에 대한 의료선교의 계몽주의적 접근
18세기 末 전라도 水軍戰法 變化의 특성 - 전라우수영『戰陣圖帖』과 전라좌수영『水操笏』을 중심으로
 
 
목차
부제 : The Attempt of Korean Entry of French Missionaries in the first half years of 19th century and the Seaway of the West Sea - with 1830~50's as the center -
1. 머리말
2. 1843년 이전의 선교사 입국 시도
3. 페레올 주교의 서해 입국로 구상과 실행
4. 입국로 개척의 결과와 영향
5. 맺음말
ABSTRACT
 
 
영문초록
The purpose of this thesis is to find out about the process to seek Korean entry route of French missionaries. Bishop Ferreol envisioned this work. And Father Kim-Dae-Geon(金大建) practiced it. This thesis also put great emphasis on the exploitation of the entry route through the seaway of the West Sea.
There were several attempts to seek entry route of missionaries before 1843: Bishop Ferreol was appointed to Korean Vicar Apostolic in that year. In those days, the envoy's march which Korea(Jo-seon) sent to China(Cheong) was in existence. They used the route through Ui-ju Byeon-mun(義州 邊門). The emissaries of Korean church utilized this route. Father Ju-Mun-Mo entered through this way. Three French missionaries also came in by similar way. But this route was interrupted after 1839's Persecution.
On December 1842, Kim-Dae-Geon searched around Ui-ju Byeon-mun. He met Kim Francisco on the envoy's march of the Winter Solstice at that time. The whole circumstances of 1839's Persecution and the situation of Korean church were reported on the outside. The connection with Korean church have been cut off since 1839's Persecution. It restored in the third year. He tried out infiltration in Korea after succeeding to contact with emissary. He wanted to take Father Maistre in Korea. Therefore he entered alone to Korea on February of the next year. But he should return as it failed to attain the desired end.
Bishop Ferreol was appointed to Korean Vicar Apostolic in 1843. After that, he envisioned the entry route to penetrate effectively in Korea. And he selected Father Kim with practician of his plot. He was a seminarian at that time. Bishop Ferreol thought that Korean priest effectively would practice this plot. Besides Father Kim had courage, bravery and geographical faculty. These became important backgrounds that he was selected.
At first, they envisioned and attempted the plan to enter through a land route. This route is passing Ui-ju Byeon-mun or the Northeast. Kim-Dae-Geon directly explored this area and attempted a entry. But this didn't succeed. The reason was that it would be dangerous to french missionaries of different appearance. Besides a guard of the frontier had been solemn since 1839's Persecution.
Bishop Ferreol also envisioned entry through the Seaway of The West Sea on behalf of a land route. Bishop Imbert and Father Maubant had already devised this plan. In 1840, Bishop Ferreol discovered the letter which contain this scheme. He probably has referred to this letter.
Kim-Dae-Geon was ordained deacon on December 1844. Thereafter he entered to Korea alone. Then he received direction from Bishop Ferreol to inquire the plan to enter through the Seaway of the West Sea. When he went to Shang-hai(上海) to be ordained priest, he passed by seaway. He was ordained priest on August 1845. After that, he entered to Korea with Bishop Ferreol and Father Daveluy by similar way.
However the seaway also was dangerous and uncertain because of strict surveillance and wind wave. So Bishop Ferreol envisioned a method to use Chinese fishing craft to come and go in coast of Hwang-hai-do(黃海道) for a fishery. And he commanded exploitation of entry route by this method to Father Kim. Father Kim was arrested on the way exploration of this coast for this work. And he died for his belief.
The exploitation of entry route was shrunk for a little time due to aftereffect of Father Kim's arrest and martyr. But it was continued to attempt to enter by Ui-ju Byeon-mun and coast of Hwang-hai-do in the long run. Father Choi-Yang-Eob(崔良業) entered to Korea by Ui-ju Byeon-mun on December 1849. Three missionaries including Bishop Berneux arrived in Korea by coast of Hwang-hai-do on March 1856. Thereafter another missionaries used similar seaway. In addition, Father Kim had already made geographics datas on his way to exploit. They were utilized to entry of missionaries actually.
The attempt of Korean Entry of French Missionaries in the 1840's partially succeed in those days. Afterward they entered by this route as well as delivered letters and objects. The seaway of the West Sea became the major entry route of missionaries. In the long view, I think that these works greatly contribute to development of Korean Catholic Church.
 
 
교회사, 한국천주교회사, 프랑스 선교사, 서해 해로, 페레올, 김대건, 19세기, 선교사 입국로, Korean Catholic Church History, French Missionary, the Seaway of the West Sea, Ferréol, Kim Dae-Geon, 19th century, Entry route
 
 
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