|The earwig Proreus simulans (Stål, 1860) has been recently reported from Jeollanam-do in the far southern section of the Korean Peninsula. Natural photographs of this species were obtained from Gwangyang Province for the first time in 2013, with specimens being physically collected in light traps from Suncheon Province in 2018. The species is widely distributed throughout the Oriental region, where its main habitat is lowland paddy fields. The earwig belongs to family Chelisochidae, subfamily Chelisochinae, and genus Proreus, which are newly recognized in Korea. The diversity of the order Dermaptera is currently estimated to be 6 families, 14 genera, and 24 species in Korea.