|Purpose: The use of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (r-AAA) is steadily increasing. We report early experiences of EVAR for r-AAA performed in two tertiary referral centers in Korea.
Methods: We retrospectively reviewed r-AAA patients treated by EVAR from May 2013 to December 2017. An EVAR-first strategy for r-AAA was adopted whenever feasible. The demographic information, anatomic characteristics, operative details, postoperative complications with special attention to abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS), and 30-day mortality were collected and analyzed.
Results: We identified 13 patients who underwent EVAR for r-AAA. Mean age was 74.2 years and mean AAA size was 74.2 mm. Two patients underwent cardiopulmonary resuscitation at initial presentation. Bifurcated stent grafts were used in 12 out of 13 cases and physician-modified endografts with fenestrated/chimney techniques were performed in 2 cases with short neck. Successful stent graft deployment was achieved in all cases. Three patients were suspected of having ACS and 2 of them underwent laparotomy for decompression. The 30-day mortality was 7.7% (1 of 13), the only mortality being a patient that refused decompressive laparotomy for suspected ACS.
Conclusion: Despite the small numbers, the outcomes of EVAR for treatment of r-AAA were very promising, even in selected cases with unfavorable anatomy. These outcomes were achieved by a dedicated and well-trained team approach, and by use of high-end angiographic technology. Finally, ACS after EVAR is not uncommon, and requires a high index of suspicion as well as liberal use of decompressive surgery.