|The purpose of this study was suggesting the data for increasing health of elder by analyzing their reaction to health practice and cognition. The aged man of 207 were surveyed about their health practice and health cognition by questionnaire. 1. The aged who live in city showed high level in drinking, taking anthelmintic medicine, measuring weight, measuring blood pressure, taking nutritions of health practice. On the contrary the aged who live in agricultural village were high level in taking rest, sleeping time, deeply sleeping of health practice. 2. About examination for health cognition the aged who live in city were high level than the aged who live in agricultural village. In addition the aged who live in city ansereed they had difficulty in drug controlling, money management and the aged who the aged live in agricultural village showed their difficulties in changing clothes, sit-and-down, go to bathroom by themselves and drug controlling.