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HOME > 사회과학 > 경제학 > 한국비교경제학회 > 비교경제연구
중국경제의 구조개혁 평가와 중장기 발전전망
분야 사회과학 > 경제학
저자 오용석 ( Yong Suk Oh )
발행기관 한국비교경제학회
간행물정보 비교경제연구 2003년, 제10권 제1호, 163~202쪽(총40쪽)
파일형식 0d700140.pdf [다운로드 무료 PDF 뷰어]
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영문초록
China`s economy grew as high as 9.4% at an average rate per year from 1979 to 2002. Such a high growth trend is going on despite the recent worldwide economic depression. This is of course the result of a successful economic reforms. On the inside of such a success, however, exist not a few problems. There are even a warning that the Chinese economy may be confronted with a crisis if the problems are not solved smoothly. It is contrary to medium and long-range prospects that China will continue the structural reforms and thus become the second economic giant in the future. The structural reforms in China`s economy have been made extensively. The results of the reforms are apparent in structural changes in compositions of production and employment, corporate governance, standings of major industries, international trade, etc. However, appraisal on the structural reforms are mixed. The structural reform in rural community has brought an increase in rural assets based on farms` surplus, a progress of autonomous management in rural economy, development of village-township enterprises etc. While, there still remain three problems of rural sector, i.e. agricultural modernization, urbanization of rural area and increase in farmers` income. Structural reform of firms are in progress toward corporate modernization following after transformation of state-owned enterprises to stock corporations. As a result of structural reform of firms in China, private enterprises are now share a leading role for economic growth and employment creation with three types of foreign invested enterprises. About time of Asian financial crisis in 1997, China made a structural rearrangement in financial sector on a large scale. Over 5,300 business places of state-owned commercial banks were closed down, and 239 local branches of corporations for trust and investment were merged. In the other side of the corporate and financial reform, however, some serious troubles are given rise to. Those are a rapid increase in fired workers, a structural aggravation of income distribution, diffusion of bubble made by speculation in stock market, and so on. Since 1986 China`s reform of foreign trade system has been driven in accordance with competition principle in free markets enough to meet the condition of her entry to the WTO. As a result, her foreign trade system is gradually transforming to a free trade system accepting the WTO rules. Recently, China`s structure of trade commodities begins heightening by introducing IT-related products. Owing to her lasting economic growth and structural reforms, China has now not a few worldwide top-ranked industries. However, industrial structure is not yet free from influence of the old system. Despite many structural problems, China`s economic collapse will not occur. The structural problems seem to be gradually solved through her continuous economic reforms. A strong resistance to external shocks and growth potentiality of China`s economy being considered, the prospects that China will possibly become the second economy in the world are acceptable enough.
 
 
구조개혁, 구조변화, 산업구조조정
 
 
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