The aim of the present study was to investigate the efficacy of a mixed gel formulation composed of sodium carboxymethyl cellulose and gellan gum (Na-CMC gel) for the prevention of adhesions after laminectomv. The anti-adhesive effect of the Na-CMC gel was tested in a controlled randomized study using an animal model of lumbar laminectomv. The animals (60 female Sprague-Dawlev rats) were randomly allocated into two treatment groups to receive the Na-CMC gel on the injured area or no gel (control). The incidence of adhesions and their grade were blindly evaluated at 4. 8 and 12 weeks after surgery. The amount of scar tissue and tenacity were grossly reduced by the Na-CMC gel at postoperative 4. 8. and 12 weeks. The mean adhesion scores were 0.75. 125. and 1.38 at 4. 8. and 12 weeks in the gel-treated group. respectively. No significant inflammatory reaction was observed and the healing of wound was not affected by the Na-CMC gel. The Na-CMC gel reduced the amount of scar formation and tenacity in rat laminectomv model without affecting the healing of operation wound and other complications. Therefore. the Na-CMC gel may be the potential to prevent postsurgical adhesions in clinical state.