The glitter of lame fabrics containing the metallic yarns may further be altered by Na2CO3 aqueous solution at an elevated temperature. In this study, the effect of the corrosion treatment on the yarn luster was evaluated using image analysis. The alkaline solution treatment was found to be more effective on the aluminum-based specimens than on the silver-based specimens. It was found that corrosion percentage measurement based on the transmission analysis may provide reasonable quantitative index, even if the measurement relies on an indirect method. Based on the quantitative results, the alkaline treatment condition for the specific specimen would be optimized for a desired glitter modification.