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< 논문 > 한국 동해 명태 어업의 적정어획노력량 추정 - 동해구기선저인망어업과 동해구트롤어업의 경제성분석을 근거로 - ( Estimation on Optimum Fishing Effort of Walleye Pollock Fishery in the East Coast of Korea : Based on the Economic Analysis between Danish Seine Fishery and Trawl Fishery for Walleye Pol
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저자 이장욱(Jang Uk Lee)
발행기관 한국수산경영학회
간행물정보 수산경영론집 1991년, 제22권 제2호, 75~99쪽(총25쪽)
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연관 논문
Diel Feeding Activity in Summer of Juvenile Pacific Herring, Clupea pallasii in the Southeastern Coast of Korea
 
 
영문초록
A quantitative analysis was carried out to monitor the commercial yield level of walleye pollock Theragra chalcogramma in the east coast of Korea, based on available data on catch and fishing effort, catch per unit of effort including fish prices from 1911 to 1988, using a traditional yield model. The results from the quantitative assessment were based to estimate maximum economic yield (MEY) and optimal fishing effort (E-opt) at MEY. On the other hand, interaction aspects between danish seine fishery and trawl fishery mainly targeting walleye pollock in the east coast of Korea were studied to predict optimal situation in fishing effort level from economic point of view which gives the most benefits to the two fisheries. Total production of walleye pollock in 1911 when its catch record was begun for the first time was about 12,000 metric tons (M/T), and then the catch trend maintained nearly at the level of 50,000 M/T per annum, showing a decreasing trend until 1930. The highest production from historical data base on walleye pollock fishery statistics was from the years in 1939 and 1940, about 270,000 M/T and 260,000 M/T, respectively. No production of the fish species was recorded during the years from 1943 to 1947, and from 1949 to 1951. From 1952 onwards annual production was only available from the southern part of 38°N in the east coast. During two decades from 1952 to 1970, the production had sustained about less than 30,000 M/T every year. Annual production showed an increasing trend from 1971, reaching a maximum level of approximately 162,000 M/T in 1981. Afterwards, it has decreased sharply year after year and amounted to 180,000 M/T in 1988, The catch composition of walleye pollock for different fishery segments during 1970-1988 showed that more than 70% of the total catch was from danish seine fishery until 1977 but from 1978 onwards, the catch proportion did not differ from one another, accounting for the nearly same proportion. Catch per unit of effort (CPUE) for both danish seine fishery and trawl fishery maintained a decline tendency after 1977 when the values of CPUE were at level of 800 kg/haul for the former fishery and 1,300 kg/haul for the latter fishery, respectively. CPUEs of gillnet fishery during 1980~ 1983 increased to about 3.5 times as high value as in the years, 1970∼1979 and during 1987∼1988 it decreased again to the level of the years, 1970∼1978. The bottom longline fishery`s CPUE was at a very low level (20 kg/basket) through the whole study years, with exception of the value (60 kg/basket) in 1980. Fishing grounds of walleye pollock in the east coast of Korea showed a very limited distribution range. Danish seine fishery concentrated fishing around the coastal areas of Sokcho and Jumunjin during January∼February and October∼December. Distributions of fishing grounds of trawl fishery were the areas along the coastal regions in the central part of the east coast. Gillnet and bottom longline fisheries fished walleye pollock mainly in the areas of around Sokcho and Jumunjin during January∼February and December. Relationship between CPUEs` values from danish seine fishery and trawl fishery was used to standardize fishing effort to apply to surplus production model for estimating maximum sustainable yield (MSY) and optimum fish effort (F-opt) at MSY. The results suggested a MSY of 114,000 M/T with an estimated F-opt of 173,000 hauls per year. Based on the estimates of MSY and F-opt, MEY was estimated to be about 94,000 M/T with a range of 81,000 to 103,000 M/T and E-opt 100,000 hauls per year with a range of 80,000 to 120,000 hauls. The estimated values of MEY and E-opt corresponded to 82% of MSY and 58% of F-opt, respectively An optimal situation in the fishing effort level, which can envisage either simultaneously maximum yield or maximum benefit for both danish seine fishery and trawl fishery, was determined from relationship between revenue and cost of running the fleet : the optim
 
 
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