The aim of this paper is to present and to compare Jean-Jacques Rousseau`s views of childhood education exposed in Emile and New Heloise. Emile deals with the education of a natural whole person who is to live in a society, while New Heloise deals with love, marriage, and the family. These two books are educational novels which provide Rousseau`s positive statements on a natural man and a good life. Rousseau provides his naturalistic educational ideas in these two books. In New Heloise Rousseau gives an outline of the childhood education. According to his outline, a childhood has proper aspects of feeling, thinking and acting. Therefore, children are children before men. The nature`s intention is that the body gets strengthened before the mind comes into the play. Rousseau is all against all kinds of premature education that makes children feeble, sick rather than being reasonable. Emile was published two years after New Heloise dealt with Rousseau`s ideas of the childhood education. Emile is from the discussions of child-raising and educating in parts IV and V of New Heloise, Books I-Ill of Emile are devoted to the rearing and educating of an independent and self-sufficient child, His ideal child is a civilized savage who cares only about himself during childhood, Virtue for Rousseau is not a gift of nature, It requires will that overcomes all kinds of obstacles, These each books experiment with the settlements of the fundamental educational problems. Two books help each other for Rousseau`s ideas on the childhood education.