큰느타리 수확 후 배지(spent mushroom compost, SMC)로부터 목질분해효소인 α-amylase (EC 220.127.116.11), lignin peroxidase (EC 18.104.22.168), laccase (EC 22.214.171.124), xylanase (EC 126.96.36.199), β-xylosidase (EC 188.8.131.52), β- glucosidase (EC 184.108.40.206) cellulase (EC 220.127.116.11)가 다양한 buffer로 추출 되었으며 1 g SMC당 5 volume으로 첨가하고 2시간 동안 4℃에서 200 rpm속도로 진탕배양 시에 최적 효소회수율을 보였다. α-Amylase는 2.10에서 2.80 U/g (SMC)의 효소활성을 보였으며 β-glucosidase와 β-xylosidase는 0.1 U/g 이하의 가장 낮은 효소활성이 나타났다. Cellulase는 2.80 U/g와 xylanse는 5.0 U/g이상의 비교적 높은 효소회수율을 보였다. 큰느타리버섯 SMC 추출물은 상업용 laccase와 탈색효과 cellulase와는 filter paper분해활성을 비교하여 산업적 적용을 평가하였다.
The lignocellulytic enzymes including a-amylase (EC 18.104.22.168), lignin peroxidase (EC 22.214.171.124), laccase (EC 126.96.36.199), xylanase (EC 188.8.131.52), β-xylosidase (EC 184.108.40.206), β-glucosidase (EC 220.127.116.11) and cellulase (EC 18.104.22.168) were extracted from spent mushroom compost (SMC) of Pleurotus eryngii. Different extraction buffers and conditions were tested for optimal recovery of the enzymes. The optimum extraction was shaking incubation (200 rpm) for 2 h at 4℃. α-Amylase was extracted with the productivity range from 1.20 to 1.6 Unit/SMC g. Cellulase was recovered with the productivity range from 2.10 to 2.80 U/gf. β-glucosidase and β-xylosidase productivities showed lowest recovery producing 0.1 U/g and 0.02 U/g, respectively. The P. eryngii SMCs collected from three different mushroom farms showed different recovery on laccase and xylanse, cellulase. Furthermore, the water extracted SMC was compared to commercial enzymes for its industrial application in decolorization and cellulase activity.