비만 예방 및 관리를 위한 초등학생의 신체활동과 건강신념
분야
의약학 > 간호학
저자
양숙자 ( Sook Ja Yang ) , 장세희 ( Se Hee Jang ) , 김신정 ( Shin Jeong Kim )
발행기관
한국보건간호학회
간행물정보
한국보건간호학회지 2012년, 제26권 제2호, 227~238쪽(총12쪽)
파일형식
21300634.pdf [무료 PDF 뷰어 다운로드]
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    영문초록
    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine physical activities and health belief in order to provide basic data on obesity prevention and management among elementary school students based on the health belief model. Methods: Participants included 194 fifth grade students in an elementary school located in Seoul. Data were collected by questionnaires and physical measurement, including weight and height. The SPSS Win 17.0 program using descriptive statistics, ANOVA with Scheffe post hoc tests, and Cronbach`s alpha coefficients was used in data analysis. Results: Significant differences were observed in physical activity according to perceived severity (F=3.444, p=.034), perceived benefit (F=7.674, p=.001), perceived barrier (F=21.014, p<.001), and self-efficacy (F=22.098, p<.001). A significant difference in physical activity (t=4.502, p<.001) and perceived severity (t=-2.278, p=.024) was observed according to gender. Significant differences in physical activity (t=7.633, p=.006), perceived barrier (t=10.826, p=.001), and self-efficacy (t=5.928, p=.016) were observed according to obesity status. Significant differences were observed in physical activity (F=7.503, p=.001), perceived susceptibility (F=37.904, p<.001), and perceived barrier (F=3.425, p=.035) depending on level of satisfaction with body image. Conclusions: In order to promote physical activity among children with low physical activity, development of program with an emphasis on the benefits of physical activity and physical activity self-efficacy, and to decrease the barriers to physical activity is needed.
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