Purpose: This study was conducted to examine the correlation between social support, loneliness, sleep quality, and perceived health status among community-dwelling older adults. Methods: Older adults who lived in urban and rural local communities were taken into account. Among them, 396 people participated in this study. Path analysis was conducted in order to verify the study model and its verification. SPSS WIN 18.0 and AMOS17.0 were used for analysis of collected data. Results: The results showed that social support had a significant effect on perceived health status (B=.17, p= .003) and loneliness (B=-.56, p<.001), while loneliness had a significant effect on perceived health status (B=-.12, p=.045) and sleep quality (B=.20, p<.001). In addition, the results also indicated that sleep quality had a significant influence on perceived health status (B=-.16, p <.001). According to results derived from the model, Chi-square=.359, DF=1 NC=.359, CFI=1.0, NFI=0.98, RMSEA=.000; thus, the model was shown to be significant. Conclusion: For maintenance of the health of the aged, social support, loneliness, and sleep quality should be secured; in order to realize this, an effort should be made toward health promotion while providing the aged with more social attention.