韓國語漢語動詞の韓日異形對應に關する考察
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한국일본근대학회
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일본근대학연구 2012년, 제37권 33~46쪽(총14쪽)
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    국문초록
    本硏究では、韓日で異形で對應する漢語動詞に注目し、『韓國語學習用語彙目錄』を基に、韓日異形漢語動詞について考察した。さらに、そのうち、一字漢語動詞を中心にそれらが意味的にどのような分野に見られるかについて見てきた。その結果、韓日で異形對應する漢語動詞には一字漢語動詞が半數近い割合を見せていることがわかった。それらは「漢語動詞·和語動詞などの對應」と「和語動詞のみの對應」をみせていることがわかった。一方、韓日異形對應の漢語動詞には韓日で同形の漢語を用いるものもあり、それらの對應の際にはより注意が求められよう。韓日異形一字漢語動詞の意味分類からは「精神および行爲」、「抽象的關係」、「自然現象」の順で日本語一字漢語動詞·韓日同形一字漢語動詞と同樣の結果が得られたが、その割合をみると、韓日異形對應の一字漢語動詞に「抽象的關係」の割合が高いことがわかった。
    영문초록
    This study focuses on Korea and Japan`s different forms of Korean Chinese character verbs in the Japanese language, and uses the “Korean Word list for Studying” as a basis for the study. This study also focuses on how “One Character Chinese Verbs” carry a significant role in both Korean and Japanese. The results have shown that about half of the different forms of Korean Chinese character verbs in Japanese are One Character Chinese Verbs, and the Chinese Verbs/Japanese Native Language Verbs and only Japanese Native Language Verb have been used. However, caution should be taken while using both Korean and Japanese because some cases the same Chinese character verbs derived from Chinese applied in the different forms of Korean Chinese character verbs in Japaneses. Likewise, through classifying by meaning the “One Character Chinese Verbs” with “Categorical Vocabularies”, have seen in order of “Mental and Behaviors,” “Abstract Relations,” and “Natural Phenomenon.” This highlights the similarities of a semantic classification of the “Japanese One Character Chinese Verbs” and the “same forms of Korean One character Chinese verbs in Japanese.” However, “Abstract Relations” verbs were the highest portion among the verbs.
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