This article examines Utsunomiya Taro`s (1861-1922) role in subduing the March First Movement of 1919 in Korea and tries to give an insight into Utsunomiya`s perceptions regarding Korea and its role as a Japanese colony. Utsunomiya was General-in-Command (gun shireikan) of the Japanese troops in Korea from 1918 to 1921 and thus he was in a crucial position for dealing with the March First Movement. Utsunomiya saw the movement as assemblies of “blind masses” following only a few leaders. Thus he tried to limit the use of violence against the masses. Nevertheless brutalization escalated, as can be seen in the Cheamni Massacre of April 15th 1919, when twenty-nine men were trapped inside a church that then was set on fire by Japanese troops, causing the men to burn alive. Arguing against the Western Missionaries who tried to make the allegedly barbaric behavior of the Japanese public in the world press, Utsunomiya himself wrote several memoranda and articles about his views on the Korean peninsula, working out strategies to “pull the Koreans over” to the Japanese side, all the while trying to defend himself and his troops against what happened in Cheamni. It will be argued that Utsunomiya, as a military-intellectual, played a crucial role in working out the basic guidelines of what was later to become institutionalized as the “Cultural Policy” (bunka seiji) of colonial rule in Korea, and also exercised a traceable influence on his superiors.