A novel neuropeptide was isolated from the skin of the conger eel Conger myriaster using hagfish Eptatretus burgeri intestine as a bioassay system. The sequence of the purified peptide was analyzed using automated amino acid sequencing and MALDI-TOF mass spectrophotometry. The molecula ion peak in the MALDI-TOF mass spectrum of the peptide was at m/z 962.89 (M+H)+. The sequence of the peptide was determined to be L-P-M-L-E-T-Q-M, and was tentatively named comyrin. To investigate the complete primary structure of comyrin, comyrin-OH and comyrin-NH2 were synthesized and the chemical and pharmacological properties of the synthetic peptides were compared with those of the native peptide. However, the elution time of synthetic peptides did not match that of the native peptide on the reverse-phase HPLC chromatogram. In addition, the synthetic peptides did not cause contractile activity in the intestinal smooth muscle of the hagfish. Based on these results, one possible reason for this disagreement may be the presence of a D-amino acid in comyrin.