Purpose: This study aimed to identify the influencing factors on the nursing officer``s compliance with the standard precautions as a way to come up with measures to improve their compliance in military hospitals. Method: Using a structured survey, data were collected from 324 nursing officers working in military hospitals. Data were collected data were analyzed with SPSS 12.0. Results: The results were as follows: 1) 23.1% of the subjects had been exposed to patients`` blood or other body fluids and injured by needles or other sharp tools used on patients for the last year; 2) The mean score of the ``knowledge of standard precautions`` is 22.9(88.1%) out of 26. The subjects demonstrated the lowest scores on ``reusable gloves or gowns that can be used after being cleaned; 3) The mean score of the ``attitudes towards standard precautions`` was 13.6(85.1%) out of 16; 4) The mean of the ``level of safety environment for the compliance with standard precautions`` was 5.1(72.9%) out of 7; 5) The mean score of the ``compliance with standard precautions`` was 49.7(82.8%) out of 60; 6) The most influential factors of nursing officers`` compliance with the standard precautions were ``safety environment`` and ``report of exposure of the source of infection``. Conclusion: It would be necessary to create a safer environment to improve compliance with the standard precautions in the military hospitals.