최근 강소기업에 대한 관심이 집중되면서 관련된 연구가 활발하게 전개되고 있다. 그러나 강소기업으로 성장하는 데 필요한 핵심 원동력이라고 할 수 있는 R&D 인력 육성에 대한 실증적 연구는 부족한 실정이다. 이 연구는 강소기업의 기술 경쟁력을 확보하는 데 필수적인 요소라고 할 수 있는 R&D 인력 육성의 핵심 성공요인을 우리나라의 성공적인 강소기업의 R&D 교육훈련 사례를 통해 규명하기 위한 목적으로 수행되었다. 이러한 목적을 달성하기 위하여 먼저 CIPP 모형을 분석의 틀로 삼고 선행연구 분석을 통해 각각 상황, 투입, 과정, 산출 별로 가설적 성공요인을 도출하였다. 이를 실증적으로 검증하기 위하여 국내 4개 기관에서 선정된 236개의 강소기업을 모집단으로 하여 그 중 연구개발비, 연구원 수 등의 기준으로 최종 50개 기업을 선정 후 인터뷰를 수락한 11개 기업에 대해 핵심성공요인을 도출하기 위한 심층 인터뷰를 진행하였다. 인터뷰는 11개 기업의 R&D 교육담당자 11명, R&D 부서의 연구책임자 4명을 대상으로 진행되었으며, 이를 통하여 R&D 인력 교육훈련과 관련된 9개의 명제를 도출하였다. 9개의 명제 중 R&D 교육훈련 성과에 영향을 미친 요인으로는 CEO 지원, 지속적인 학습문화, 학습인센티브 제도, 사내강사 활용, 무형식학습, 교육 후 사후관리였다. 이러한 연구결과를 토대로 우리나라 중소기업의 R&D 교육훈련 연구와 이를 지원하기 위한 정책관련 시사점을 제시하였다.
A small giant business called Hidden Champion produces values through continued research and development for new markets. In industry, they also gain technical advantages which are hard to be mimicked by other competitive in Korea so that they provide a lot of implications for domestic small and medium business. Since the concept of small giant business was emerged in industry, it has actively been developed to be studied in Korea, but it has been mainly focused on the limited area such as ``finding new market``, ``marketing strategy,`` and ``success factors.`` For this reason, the empirical research for the development of R&D workforce, a key for a small giant business, is insufficient. This study was conducted to identify the key success factors of the R&D workforce development which are essential to get technical competitiveness for small giant businesses through successful R&D training and development of small giant businesses in Korea. This research was conducted based on the following procedures : 1) successful small giant businesses were select according to the outstanding performance of technical development among domestic small and medium businesses; 2) in-depth analysis was conducted about training and development systems of the selected small giant businesses; and 3) key success factors of R&D workforce development were drawn. The research employed a CIPP model as an analysis framework and drew hypothetical success factors of each context, inputs, process, and outputs through a review of literature. First of all, we conducted literature review and drew effective variables of training and development of small and medium-sized businesses that were identified as internal and external environment, task of trainees, internal characteristics of trainees and training programs factors. In this study, we empirically verified the effective variables that were mainly focused on the external environment of company and training programs factors except the internal characteristics of trainees, which were less relevant to the factors of company. The data were collected through a sample of 236 small giant business selected among domestic 4 institutes. We selected 85 companies that had a higher R&D budget per sales rather than those with an industrial average, because we supposed that those companies with bigger investment in R&D would put more budgets in training and development of R&D workforce. We selected top 50 companies for a number of researchers who were registered in the Korea Industrial Technology Association (KOITA) because we supposed that the best practices of development and training of companies would be gathered more likely if the companies had enough R&D workforce. Among the selected 50 companies, we introduced ourselves to the company managers and asked for an interview the employees of the companies through phone calls and e-mails, and conducted the in-depth interviews for 11 companies which allowed us to find training and development of R&D workforce. The interviews were conducted on 11 trainers and 4 research directors of R&D department of 11 companies. According to this research, we drew 9 propositions in terms of training and development of R&D workforce. The significant factors of R&D training and development performance among 9 propositions were support of CEO, continuous learning culture, learning incentive system, usage of in-house trainers in company, informal learning, and following up service of learning. Based on the research result, several policy implications were suggested to support R&D training and development of small and medium companies in Korea. The suggestions to improve the performance of R&D training and development of small and medium-sized companies are as follows: First, in terms of learning method, informal learning that uses internal resources of organizations such as company academy, seminar, meeting, and knowledge sharing is effective for improving the performance of training and development. Regarding training and development system, learning incentive system and follow-up service of learning are effective for improving the performance of training and development. Moreover, the support of CEO and continuous learning culture will be helpful to improve performance of training and development in the organizational culture. Second, the investment of training and development, the planning of training and development, and the evaluation of training and development are not included in the hypothetical success factors. This implies that they are not critical success factors to conduct successful training and development, but essential factors to make training and development successful. Third, R&D organizational features and R&D cycle will affect the strength of informal learning and they will be considered when empirical R&D research is conducted. Furthermore, this research provides implications of policy for establishing small and medium companies. First of all, in order to maximize the uses of human resources in small and medium businesses, it is necessary to support the system for developing in-house trainers. In addition, the learning incentive system that can have a positive effect on R&D training and development should be supported at the corporate level policy. The results of this research provide directions for future research. First, in this research, the success factors of R&D training and development of small giant companies were drawn by the responses of interviewees. Therefore, future research may identify a causal relationship between R&D training and development and the performance of companies. Second, this research findings were based on the result of the survey to 238 small giant companies so that the result could be hard to apply for all small giant businesses. In this sense, an interesting avenue for future research is to conduct surveys to every small giant business to have he results to be generalized. Third, the in-depth interview was conducted for HRD directors in small giant companies in this research. Therefore, in order to maximize the effect of the result of interview, future research may carry out more interviews of participants who attended successful R&D training program, and further study can identify key success factors through SCM (Success Case Method).
[인력개발교육]기업내 HRD부서의 전략적역할과 핵심역량
[기업요구][IMF경제위기(IMF금융위기)]기업요구의 분석, 기업요구의 교육, 기업전문인력양성에 따라 요구되는 기업의 교육훈련, IMF경제위기(IMF금융위기, IMF외환위기)에 따라 요구되는 기업의 경영전략 분석
관광호텔기업의 핵심 성공요인 연구 분석
[학사][인적자원관리] 여성인력의 활용, 21세기 기업의 새로운 성공 요인
[다국적기업론] 델컴퓨터사의 핵심역량과 성공요인
[글로벌마케팅] 글로벌기업 국제기업 구글 Google 핵심역량, 기업전략 기업성공사례 성공요인분석 글로벌전략 글로벌경영 마케팅 분석(ppt)
UNIQLO 유니클로 기업분석과 SWOT분석및 유니클로 마케팅전략 분석과 핵심역량연구와 유니클로 한국진출 성공요인과 향후개선방향제안 레포트
[A+] 앵그리버드 마케팅전략 성공요인분석 - 기업분석 핵심전략, 캐릭터마케팅, 감성마케팅, 발전방안 전략 제시
카카오톡 기업 핵심역량과 성공요인,SWOT분석및 마케팅 STP,4P분석
디지털기업에 대해 설명하시고 기업의 사례를 통해 디지털 기업의 핵심정보기술과 성공요인에 대한 자신의 생각을 정리하시오