This essay aims to study Ralph Ellison`s perspectives on the Reconstruction and the Harlem Renaissance black leaders through his main characters in Invisible Man. The characters of the novel, such as the invisible man, Bledsoe, Jack, and Ras, are reminiscent of the leaders in the black society, such as Booker T. Washington, Frederick Douglass, William Lloyd Garrison, W. E. B. Du Bois, and Marcus Garvey. Washington, Douglass, Dubois, and partly Garvey are portrayed through the invisible man. When the invisible man gives his speech at the battle royal, he makes a comment about southern black people casting down their buckets where they are which is reminiscent of Washington`s speech. However, in fact, Washington is a model of Bledsoe who is the leader of a black college and maintains a level of approval from his white supporters by keeping his students in line. While working in the Brotherhood, the invisible man represents Douglass. He is often at odds with the Brotherhood as Douglass was with American Antislavery Society. He is also a representation of Du Bois, a leading black spokesperson for blacks` rights since Douglass. Another political figure represented in invisible man is Garvey. He is a model of Rass. Rass believes that black people should be for black people only. He regards the invisible as a traitor to his people because the invisible man involves himself with an organization made up of both black and white people. Garvey is also a model of the invisible man. The invisible man, as Garvey did, speaks on the issue of black people banding together to help black people. In conclusion, Ellison provides a representation of each leader and allows readers opportunities to see the critical aspects of the leaders, such as Washington and partly Garvey, but also the respectful aspects of the leaders, such as Douglass and Du Bois.