해상보험계약에 있어서 해상고유의 위험에 따른 입증책임 -영국법과 협회약관에 관한 논의를 중심으로-
분야
사회과학 > 법학
저자
양석완 ( Seok Wan Yang )
발행기관
한국상사판례학회
간행물정보
상사판례연구 2012년, 제25권 제3호, 421~455페이지(총35페이지)
파일형식
51801375.pdf [무료 PDF 뷰어 다운로드]
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    영문초록
    The perils of the sea is relatively the most important part of marine insurance. The concept of insured perils signifies a very central issue under maritime insurance where the assured`s property or profit are put at risk by maritime perils and the insurer agrees to indemnify the assured against any loss caused by those perils. In practice, the extent of the covered risks is determined by the agreement of the parties by selecting the appropriate set of Institute Clauses. It is a general principle that the assured claiming for a loss should discharge the burden of proving that the loss of the claim was caused by a peril insured against under the policy. However, the assured often face a difficulty in carrying this burden of proof when the vessel sank in unexplained circumstances. As for the degree of proof, the plaintiff has to prove on a balance of probabilities that the ship was lost by a perils of the seas. Therefore, in voyage policy, the presumption of the unseaworthiness can be overturned if it is proved that the ship was seaworthy at the commencement of the voyage. However, in time policy, it would be insufficient to prove that a ship was seaworthy just before the loss. When, with the privity of the assured, the ship is sent to sea in an unseaworthiness state, the insurer is not liable for any loss attributable to unseaworthiness.
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