오디세우스의 변모(16.166-224; 299-303)가 예수의 변모(눅 9:28-36)에 끼친 영향에 관한 문학적 연구
분야
인문과학 > 종교학
저자
조재형 ( Jae Hyung Cho )
발행기관
한국기독교학회
간행물정보
한국기독교신학논총 2012년, 제83권 101~122쪽(총22쪽)
파일형식
89201257.pdf [무료 PDF 뷰어 다운로드]
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    This paper argues that Jesus` transfiguration found in the Synoptics (Mark 9:2-10; Matt. 17:1-9; Luke 9:28-36) is influenced by Odysseus` (Od. 16:166-224, 299-399). New Testament scholars have tried to explain Jesus` transfiguration story, emphasizing the difference among three gospels and each gospel`s theology based on these uniquenesses. It is obvious that Luke and Matthew follow the Mark`s version in this story even though there are some differences among them. Most of their attempts, however, complete a half volume of this study because they ignore the literary parallels with the Homeric epics. In the perspective of mimesis criticism, we can find similarity between the Jesus` transfiguration and Odysseus`. Therefore, first, I critically look into some scholars` interpretation of the transfiguration story (W. Hendriksen, Sharon H. Ringe, I. Howard Marshall, Morton Smith, Cyrus H. Gordon, and Dennis R. MacDonald). Then, I present parallelism between Jesus` transfiguration and Odysseus`, by arguing how Luke changes Mark`s version and imitates Homer`s story according to Luke`s theology. As an important cultural, political, philosophical, and religious code at that time, the Homeric epics influenced the Greek and Christian literature. In particular, I argue that although some Moses typology in the transfiguration story is shadowed, the literary parallels and dynamics indicate the influence of Odysseus` transfiguration on Jesus`. Furthermore, this study will help to trace the formation of Luke-Acts, which is also important for the study of Christian origins.
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