빅터 터너의 의례이론에 비추어 본 현대예배
분야
인문과학 > 종교학
저자
조기연 ( Kee Yeon Cho )
발행기관
한국기독교학회
간행물정보
한국기독교신학논총 2012년, 제83권 251~274쪽(총24쪽)
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    This essay has a main purpose to analyze the ``contemporary worship`` from the perspective of ritual theory of Victor Turner. Turner stands in the same line with M. Bakhtin in that festivals and rituals are performed with the function to sustain and keep the existing society. Victor Turner deepened the results of Van Gennep`s research so called ``passage ritual``(Le rites de passage: etude systematique des ceremonies, 1909). According to Van Gennep, every passage from village or country to another village or country contains three stages or situations which are separation from the departing place, transition, and reintegration to the destination place. Turner`s main contribution is to clarify the structure of Van Gennep`s passage ritual, and to define the characteristics of the second stage among three stages of the Van Gennep`s passage ritual. Furthermore, Turner extended Van Gennep`s research which is limited within the area of ``passage`` ritual to the general rituals and festivals of human society. Turner clarified the characteristics of the second stage of the passage ritual, with terms ``liminality`` and ``communitas.`` Liminality represents a certain situation who stands in a doorsill (limen) which is prohibited in ordinary life. In other words, liminality means an extra-ordinary situation outside the every day life. It is an ambiguous and unidentified situation. It is a holy and creative moment in a sense. Christian rituals such as baptism, marriage, and funeral have characteristics of passage ritual. Even Sunday worship is not the exception. One has to come out from the secular society and has to stand in the face of ``the Holy.`` All have same status in the face of God. All are sinners expecting grace of God. In this sense time of worship is the time of heaven. But, one has to go back to the secular society again when worship ends as an other person who has experienced heaven. In the contemporary worship, three stages of the passage ritual do not function in the original meaning. Especially the stage of `transition` does not contain the characteristics of liminality which gives life to the ritual. The scene of worship in the contemporary worship looks similar to that of secular society. This is because that the contemporary worship started by deleting the sacred aspects of the existing traditional worship. It is not improvement but retrocession.
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