Cloning, Heterologous Expression, and Characterization of Novel Protease- Resistant α-Galactosidase from New Sphingomonas Strain
자연과학 > 생물
( Jun Pei Zhou ) , ( Yan Yan Dong ) , ( Jun Jun Li ) , ( Rui Zhang ) , ( Xianghua Tang ) , ( Yuelin Mu ) , ( Bo Xu ) , ( Qian Wu ) , ( Zun Xi Huang )
한국미생물생명공학회(구 한국산업미생물학회)
Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 2012년, 제22권 제11호, 1532~1539쪽(총8쪽)
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    The α-galactosidase-coding gene agaAJB13 was cloned from Sphingomonas sp. JB13 showing 16S rDNA (1,343 bp) identities of ≤97.2% with other identified Sphingomonas strains. agaAJB13 (2,217 bp; 64.9% GC content) encodes a 738-residue polypeptide (AgaAJB13) with a calculated mass of 82.3 kDa. AgaAJB13 showed the highest identity of 61.4% with the putative glycosyl hydrolase family 36 α-galactosidase from Granulicella mallensis MP5ACTX8 (EFI56085). AgaAJB13 also showed <37% identities with reported protease-resistant or Sphingomonas α-galactosidases. A sequence analysis revealed different catalytic motifs between reported Sphingomonas α-galactosidases (KXD and RXXXD) and AgaAJB13 (KWD and SDXXDXXXR). Recombinant AgaAJB13 (rAgaAJB13) was expressed in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3). The purified rAgaAJB13 was characterized using p-nitrophenyl-α-D-galactopyranoside as the substrate and showed an apparent optimum at pH 5.0 and 60oC and strong resistance to trypsin and proteinase K digestion. Compared with reported proteaseresistant α-galactosidases showing thermolability at 50oC or 60oC and specific activities of <71 U/mg with or without protease treatments, rAgaAJB13 exhibited a better thermal stability (half-life of >60 min at 60oC) and higher specific activities (225.0-256.5 U/mg). These sequence and enzymatic properties suggest AgaAJB13 is the first identified and characterized Sphingomonas α-galactosidase, and shows novel protease resistance with a potential value for basic research and industrial applications.
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