Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the risk perception and the health literacy of the public on the food-related materials and issues. Risk perception of the public was compared with that of experts. Methods: An online survey was conducted for 1,000 respondents from June, 8~15th in 2012. We took quota-sampling method for the representativeness in terms of age, gender and region. Data analyses were carried out using SPSS Windows V.17 programs. Results: Consumer groups were ranked in the first in terms of reliability as a food information provider by 43.6%. Respondents strongly expressed their requests of the government to be more strict in the regulatory roles and supervision of the food industry. The main routes of getting food-related information were internet services for the age group of 20`s and 30`s respectively by 39.3% and 41.6%. 37.6% of the male respondents answered they are actively sharing food information with others, in contrast of 60.0% in the female(p<0.001). The score of risk perception was significantly higher in the public than in the experts (p<0.01). Health literacy on the some food-related terminologies and units were low in the range of 6.3%~32.8%. Conclusion: Consumer groups were ranked in the first in terms of reliability as a food information provider and Respondents request the government`s roles in regulatory and supervision of the food industry. The main routes of getting food-related information were tv and radio, and the degrees of information sharing with others were active in the female respondents. The score of risk perception was higher in the public than in the experts. This perception gap implicated that risk communication was more necessary among various stakeholders.