Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) used in combination with the porcine cancellous bone as a scaffold, in promoting bone regeneration in the bone defects ofthe rabbit calvaria. Methods: Ten rabbits were used in the study. Three round-shaped defects (diameter 8.0 mm) were created in the rabbit calvaria and were filled with nothing (control group), porcine cancellousbone (Experimental Group 1, porcine bone) and PRF-mixed porcine cancellous bone (Experimental Group 2). TS-GBB is a xenogenic bone-substitute product comprised of a high heat-treated mineralized porcine cancellous bone. Animals were sacrificed at 6 weeks and 12 weeks for the histological and radiographic evaluations. Results: In the micro computed tomography and histological results, the experimental groups 1 and 2 showed more bone formation, remodeling, and calcification than the control group. The new bone formation ratio showed theGroup 2 to be larger than Group 1 at6 and 12 weeks. However, there was no significant difference between the experimental groups 1 and 2 in the new bone formation area, at the 6 and 12 weeks (P ＞0.05). Conclusion: The PRF-mixed group showed more bone formation than the porcine cancellousbonegroup (TS-GBB), butthere was a no significant difference. The PRF may not lead to enhanced bone healing when grafted with the porcine cancellous bone.