The purpose of this paper is to do educational philosophical reflection on welfare and human rights in Korean schools, focused on free school lunches (FSL) and student human rights ordinances (SHRO). To accomplish it, in this paper, the various previous studies and research data including the related laws and regulations were analyzed to figure out the current situation and the change of FSL and SHRO in Korea. Also, to find out the differences between selectivism and universalism in terms of school welfare. Results revealed that there is little difference between selectivism and universalism in terms of school welfare. The different types of welfare opinions have been derived from political principles. The one political party has suggested that FSL and SHRO are the important factors for the welfare and human rights of students, but the other has done that FSL does not need for all the students and SHRO will run interference with teachers` rights. Like this, the differences and basic problems lie in the political principles. Further, most previous approaches and studies do little have any analyses in view of educational philosophy. With respect to the results, therefore, it may be reasonable to study welfare and human rights such as FSL and SHRO in terms of educational philosophy.