특집(特輯) : 『혼일강리역대국도지도(混一疆理歷代國都之圖)』의 아프리카; 비교사적 검토
분야
인문과학 > 동양사
저자
조지형 ( Ji Hyung Cho )
발행기관
이화사학연구소
간행물정보
이화사학연구 2012년, 제45권 75~106페이지(총32페이지)
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60600571.pdf [무료 PDF 뷰어 다운로드]
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    It is to study Africa in the Kangnido by comparing it with the other world maps in Afro-Eurasia. It examines the circumnavigability of Africa in Herodotus`` Histories, Ptolemy``s reconstructed world map, al-Biruni``s geographical writings, Niccolo de Conti``s travels, and Gavin Menzies`` 1421. And it argues that the big lake in Africa in the Kangnido seems to be related the trade of gold held by Islamic traders. Al-Idrisi and Islamic geographers paid attention to "Wangara" in his world map because Wangara is the Niger delta where gold trade took place. This paper argues that "桑骨八" inscribed in the left side of the lake in Kangnido refers to the black people``s region rather than Zanzibar. It also says that the mountains of the moon can refer to different places although it looks similar in various world maps in that the mountains of the moon depicts the origins of the Nile. The Nile in the Kangnido goes to the Red Sea rather than the Mediterranean Sea. The course of the Nile refers to Wadi Hammamat rather than the Canal of the Pharaohs, since the canal was closed in mid-eighth century but Wadi Hammamat was prosperous even in the fourteenth century.
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