"Duck Hunting" is the most psychological play with unique structure written by Aleksandr Vampilov. The play describes protagonist hero`s furious behavior with psychological instability, therefore, this play tends to be recognized as serious and complicated one. After the death of Vampilov, "Duck Hunting" was reproduced as a film, titled as "Vacation in September." This study is designed to shed light on the play`s psychological-dramatic factors by focusing on the structure of narrative and spatial-temporal objet. Also, this study compared the screenshots of the play with their textual meanings, then concentrated on main character`s psychological features. By focusing on protagonist hero`s mind, this study tries to look into the features of the play and its meanings for modern period. The film`s plot is a kind of story telling structure based on main character`s memory. The short stories of main character represents that Jilov(main character`s name)`s losing his own life. The audience can acknowledge that Jilov`s life as a duck hunter who is cynical, ideological, lazy, and self-interest oriented person. This play provokes the audience to compare their life to Jilov`s one because such comparison helps the audience recognize their lives as surplus style of life with nihilism. Jilov as a character represents one of Soviet`s generation with the feeling of great loss in 1960s.