슈만 「카니발 op. 9」의 표제에 내재된 다중적 의미와 상징성의 고찰: 장 파울의 문학적 특징과의 연관성을 바탕으로
분야
예체능 > 음악
저자
주성희 ( Sung Hee Chu )
발행기관
이화여자대학교 음악연구소
간행물정보
이화음악논집 2012년, 제16권 제2호, 1~29페이지(총29페이지)
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2q100172.pdf [무료 PDF 뷰어 다운로드]
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    Program music became popular as the product of music and literature in the 19th century, which was the era of integrated art. It gained recognition as the genre which expressed literary spirit of Romanticism most effectively. Robert Schumann (1810-56) is the representative composer of Romanticism who combined his literary talent with music, leading to the creation of program music. Among his early piano cycles, Carnaval op. 9 is the piece which fully demonstrates the connection with literature and this is evident in the program of the work. Consisting of 21 sections, the piece has each movement with the program which describes scenes of carnivals Schumann has named. However, all programs do not match with the title ``carnaval`` content-wise and representative programs include ``Sphinx``, ``Butterfly`` and ``Dancing Letters.`` Also, in the arrangement of programs shows ambiguity, leaving the listeners sensing unnatural quality in the piece. This study began with the question that the work is not simply a program music that describes carnivals. It was designed to associate the ambiguity of the work with German writer, Johann Paul Friedrich Richter (1763-1825). The purpose of this study is to examine composer`s real intention and purpose in the work. Specific goals include exploring the work in depth from various angles including the interpretation of various programs including ``Sphinx``, the impact of Johann Paul`s literary works, multilayered meaning and symbolism of programs and arrangements. Johann Paul is a writer who has influenced Schumann`s music the most. In this study, his literary characteristics were examined from six aspects such as contrasting dual figure structure, quotation, short story, suggestion and mystery, satire and humor and breakaway. The ambiguity in the program of Carnaval op. 9 is newly examined in connection with literary characteristics of Johann Paul. It was founded that ``Sphinx``, ``Butterfly`` and ``Dancing Letters`` are the intended devices placed by Schumann to suggest the most important theme of the piece. Moreover, the hidden intention behind character programs and the arrangement ofprograms is multilayered and implied in a symbolic manner. In short, Carnaval op. 9 resembles the air of carnivals with the description of clowns in masks and dance balls. However in reality, it is a ``literary-musical`` work with the critique and satire of the societyat the time and the composer`s own story behind elaborate images such as ``masks`` and ``clowns.``
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