기독교적 관점에 따른 존 힉의 신중심적 종교다원주의 비평
분야
인문과학 > 종교학
저자
제해종 ( Hae Jong Je )
발행기관
한국조직신학회
간행물정보
한국조직신학논총 2012년, 제34권 153~181페이지(총29페이지)
파일형식
16000505.pdf [무료 PDF 뷰어 다운로드]
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    영문초록
    This study is about the theocentric religious pluralism of John Hick, who has offered one of the most sophisticated and influential interpretations of religious pluralism. According to John Hick religious pluralism is the view that the great world religions are different responses to the ultimate real, and thus the transformation of human existence from self-centeredness to Reality-centeredness is taking place in different ways within the contexts of all the great religious traditions. Hick`s main thesis is that there is not merely one way, but a plurality of ways to salvation or liberation. Since Hick`s thought that each of the great world religions is a response to the divine Real and is thus salvific is theocentric (or realocentric) in nature, God is at the center of all religious traditions in Hick`s theology of world religions. In fact, Hick`s theocentric religious pluralism, which offers salvific transformation for all religious adherents, seems to be the solution for the apparent problem of the plurality of religions and their tensions in relation to each other. Therefore, to critically evaluate Hick`s religious pluralism I have focused primarily on how Hick`s theocentric model of world religions works as a theory both in itself and in its relationship to Christian theology. Though theocentric religious pluralism seems to offer a valid answer to the problem of religious diversity today, it has several critical implications that are fatal to Christian theology. This study points out three critical problems of Hick`s theocentric model of world religions that weaken his concept of pluralism from a Christian perspective: 1) the problem of the inaccessibility of the Real is never overcome by his Kantian epistemological insights ; 2) the theocentrism proposed inevitably implies the denial of the doctrine of incarnation; and 3) the theological problem of universal salvation is implied in this theocentric model of world religions. Accordingly, Hick`s theocentric model of world religions cannot be considered as the answer to the problem of religious diversity.
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