아퀴나스를 통해서 이룩된 중세 가톨릭 성만찬 신학에 대한 루터의 비판
분야
인문과학 > 종교학
저자
최승태 ( Seung Tae Choi )
발행기관
한국조직신학회
간행물정보
한국조직신학논총 2012년, 제34권 183~215페이지(총33페이지)
파일형식
16000506.pdf [무료 PDF 뷰어 다운로드]
  • ※ 본 자료는 참고용 논문으로 수정 및 텍스트 복사가 되지 않습니다.
  • 구매가격
    7,300원
    적립금
    219원 (구매자료 3% 적립)
    이메일 발송  스크랩 하기
    자료 다운로드  네이버 로그인
    영문초록
    Martin Luther`s theology was basically established on the biblical viewpoint. By the biblical viewpoint he means a grammatical and literal understanding of the Bible, that is, seeing the Bible as it is. Luther had this kind of viewpoint because the Roman Catholic theologians in the Middle Ages put human thought on the superior position to the Bible by interpreting it from the perspective of philosophy, especially of Scholastic philosophy, Luther criticized the Catholic theory of the sacrament because it was based on human reason, namely philosophy rather than the Bible. According to Luther, when we saw the Bible as it was, Christ`s presence was realized not by transubstantiation but by means of coexistence of the substance of the body and blood of Christ in and with the bread and wine (consubstantiation). Like this, Luther asserted Christ`s real presence in the sacrament, and thus he also accepted the objective effect of the sacrament. Especially, Luther emphasized it opposing to Zwingli`s sacramental view. But while criticizing transubstantiation, Luther`s contribution was to rediscover the importance of faith in the celebration of the sacrament. Luther also criticized the Catholic Church`s understanding the eucharist as good work and sacrifice. From this understanding, the celebration of the eucharist made an effect even to those who did not attend, if someone offered it for them. Finally this understanding justified to sell the indulgence. Against this understanding, Luther asserted that the eucharist could not be good works and sacrifice, but rather it was Christ`s testament. By this assertion, Luther prevented the eucharist from becoming an instrument to content human desire. In this respect, Luther did not use his criticism of the Catholic theology of the eucharist merely for the Reformation. But rather he restored the essence of the eucharist as sacrament by discovering the original meaning of the eucharist as sacrament through the biblical understanding. At this point, we can say that Luther`s criticism of the Catholic theology of the eucharist pointed out the direction of how we should see and practice the eucharist.
    사업자등록번호 220-87-87785 대표.신현웅 주소.서울시 서초구 방배로10길 18, 402호 대표전화.070-8809-9397
    개인정보책임자.박정아 통신판매업신고번호 제2017-서울서초-1765호 이메일 help@reportshop.co.kr
    copyright (c) 2009 happynlife. steel All reserved.