Dental caries is biofilm induced disease throughout life and is recognized significant oral health problem. This article reviewed new trends in dental caries management by risk assessment, including history, protocol/guideline, and collaborated model. Dental caries prevention and treatment according to caries management by risk assessment (CAMBRA) model is patient-centered, risk-based, evidence-based practice. Team approach is necessary and clinician need to integrate science, practice and product. Dental hygienist take a important role in implementing CAMBRA. CAMBRA model could be incorporated into clinical dental hygiene education based on dental hygiene process of care as standard of dental hygiene practice and education. Dentist and dental hygienist able to provide scientific and ethical care managing dental caries by risk assessment.