1840∼60년대의 영국외무부, 내적 도약 가능했나? -소속인원 확대 및 공무원시험제 수용 여부를 중심으로-
분야
인문과학 > 서양사
저자
김현수 ( Hyun Soo Kim )
발행기관
한국서양사학회
간행물정보
서양사론 2012년, 제115권 63~90페이지(총28페이지)
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15001745.pdf [무료 PDF 뷰어 다운로드]
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    영문초록
    The British Foreign Office, founded in 1782, could not define its own political position during the early nineteenth century. This is because of a trial of strength between the King and Parliament. The British Foreign Office began to have political independence because of the leadership of several superior foreign ministers such as George Canning and 3rd Viscount Palmerston. As a result of the administrative endeavor of these foreign ministers, by 1841 the Foreign Office was run by 56 people. There is eye-opening progress of the administrative section in the British Foreign Office since its foundation. On the other hand, I can ascertain that British foreign policy was evolving during the 1840-60s in regard to historical events: European revolutions (of February & July), the Crimean War, and the 2nd Anglo-Chinese war. British foreign policy showed a marked leap of administrative leadership during this time. In this paper, first I analyzed the change of the foreign office`s personnel because I found a trace of personnel expansion in several diplomatic materials. Second, I analyzed the Foreign Office`s reaction to ``Northcote and the Trevelyan Report of 1853`` as a personnel appointment system: This report seeks personal abilities based on performance by examination. Traditionally, the British Foreign Office appointed its staff members by private consideration. Consequently, during the 1840-60s, the administrative section of the Foreign Office had not improved, in spite of the increase in the number of staff members. This is because staff members in the Foreign Office were still appointed from elitism which included an aristocratic sense. It means the Northcote and Trevelyan Report of 1853 ignored the Foreign Office`s appointment system during the 1840-60s. (Dankook University / kwd118@dankook.ac.kr)
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