This essay investigates Marco Polo`s treatment of sexuality by drawing upon ethnographic discourse on polyandryas a way to theorize the construction and organization of a community. In particular, it focuses on the connection between Polo`s accounts of polyandrous relations and arrangements in Tibet and southwestern China, where multiple men share a woman, and his understanding of patriarchy at large in the Travels. The patriarchal household and its domestic arrangements fundamentally inform Polo`s conceptualization of society as an established order and an organization of power relations. As a documentation of the historical ways of life of certain peoples in Central Asia, Polo`s descriptions are important as ethnographic writings. While the radical otherness of polyandry challenges the boundaries of conventional patriarchy in known major civilizations, Polo also attempts to make sense of polyandry within the framework of patriarchy. As my essay examines patriarchy as the underlying condition for sexuality in Polo`s writing, it meditates on the centrality of the household for radical social change and the emergence of a new political order.