The present study looked into the way in which various plastic techniques in the artistic styles have been applied to the fashion textile design, by analyzing and considering the 20th century artistic trends and the works of modern designers. Assuming that the source of originality in the modern fashion design was the contemporary artistic styles, this study attempted to examine the effects of each style of so many ``-isms`` in art on the textile design, and to clarify the source of inspiration in the fashion design and the conceiving techniques of its originality. Based on the theories that have reasoned the relationship between art and fashion, this study reviewed the literature about the trends of both fashion and art and analyzed the relevant works of each trend, The result of this analysis and the reasoning demonstrated that the artistic trends had enormous influence on the fashion design. Recently, the tendency of showing creativity and uniqueness of fashion design by creating the characteristic patterns and fabrics, which were introduced from the artistic styles, has been noticeable among the modern fashion designers. Almost all the possible attempts have been tried in terms of silhouettes and details as much as nothing new could be created any more. Therefore, originality can be expressed only by the now methods of combining them. However, thxtile design has a characteristic capability of various expressions, thus the possibility of creation and its scope are very broad. Textile design has a limitless possibility in terms of the methods of expression, such as: (1) a two-dimensional planar method of expression. in which the traits of the genuine paintings were reflected; (2) a three-dimensional cubical expression using various objets; and (3) the non-fabric, which is a special material. Therefore, this study analyzed the 20th century artistic styles in the plasticity and in the method of expression. In order to see how these artistic styles have been expressed in the textile design, the method of design and its source of idea were compared and considered by analyzing the paintings of the times and the works of modern fashion designers The results showed that the plastic characteristics of each artistic style had been applied to the works of modern fashion designers and had been expressed in the diverse and creative textile design. Among the elements that affect the field of fashion design, creativity gets the greatest influence by the artistic styles. The plastic forms and colors appeared in the artistic styles have a close relationship with fashion, and the common techniques tend to be used in both fields. Therefore, it is judged that the basis of the unique and original creation of the modern fashion could be found in the artistic styles most abundantly.