Original Articles : The Ethnic Differences of the Damage of Hair and Integral Hair Lipid after Ultra Violet Radiation
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( Jae Hong Ji ) , ( Tae Sik Park ) , ( Hae Jin Lee ) , ( Yoon Duk Kim ) , ( Long Quan Pi ) , ( Xin Hai Jin ) , ( Won Soo Lee )
Annals of Dermatology 2013년, 제25권 제1호, 54~60페이지(총7페이지)
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    Background: Genetic factors account for the majority of differences in skin color and hair morphology across human populations. Although many studies have been conducted to examine differences in skin color across populations, few studies have examined differences in hair morphology. Objective: To investigate changing of integral hair lipids after ultraviolet (UV) irradiation in three human ethnic groups. Methods: We studied the UV irradiation induced hair damage in hairs of three human populations. UV irradiation had been performed with self-manufactured phototherapy system. Damaged hair samples were prepared at 12 and 48 hours after UVA (20 J/sec) and UVB (8 J/sec) irradiation. We evaluated the changes of hair lipid using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), lipid TEM and HP-TLC. After UV irradiation, hair surface damage was shown. Results: African hair showed more severe damage on hair surface than others. The lipid compositions across human populations were similar, but Asian hair had more integral hair lipids than other groups as a whole. Especially, free fatty acid contents were higher than other lipids. After UV irradiation, lipid contents were decreased. These patterns were shown in all human populations. Asian hair has more integral hair lipid than European or African hair. After UV irradiation, European and African hair samples exhibited more damage because they have less integral hair lipids. However, Asian hair samples have less damage. Conclusion: We conclude that integral hair lipid may protect the hair against the UV light. (Ann Dermatol 25(1) 54∼60, 2013)
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