용서와 화해- 『추락 이후』
분야
어문학 > 영문학
저자
김성철 ( Sung Chul Kim )
발행기관
21세기영어영문학회
간행물정보
영어영문학21 2012년, 제25권 제4호, 27~46페이지(총20페이지)
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1j500635.pdf [무료 PDF 뷰어 다운로드]
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    영문초록
    This study is to investigates all the responsibilities and forgiveness and reconciliation among human relations. For Miller, the Holocaust is one of the most central events of twentieth century, and one from which everyone can learn much about human nature. A number of Miller`s plays have a close connection to the Holocaust, some like After the Fall using the Holocaust as an important symbol. By the dominating symbol of the "blasted stone tower of a German concentration camp" on the stage Miller wishes to convey the continuing, dark presence of the Holocaust in the minds of the cast and audience. In the play, the concentration camp is not only a metaphor for other peoples`s betrayals, but Quentin`s own sense of separateness, his own guilt about betraying others who depend on him. Louise was Quentin`s first wife. He first begins to take her for granted and then, when she becomes more independent, he realizes how little they have left in common. Although through Quentin`s eyes she is regarded as cold and self-centered, She is also shown to be an intelligent woman who comes realize she no longer has any place in her husband`s list of priorities. She sensibly decides to take charge of her life, no longer waiting for Quentin to fix everything. Since he believes in the sanctity of marriage and because they have a daughter together, he tries to resuscitate their marriage, but his efforts are neither consistent nor totally sincere. Her second wife, Maggie offers him the chance to be needed, which Louise has long since refused, and an active sex life. But Maggie offers something of the "tyranny of innocence." Her dependency on others and their opinions is so extreme that she has no real concept of self. Quentin tries to teach her self-respect, but it is a lesson she is incapable of learning. She made a number of suicide attempts to gain attention, but finally Quentin refuses to help her, insisting she take responsibility for her own life. But She refused and ended by killing herself, leaving Quentin with the burden of guilt that this is something he may have prevented had he been a more careful man. Quentin is still unsure how much blame he should shoulder for this, but accepts that he was partly at fault. Quentin`s final discovery is that no one can be totally innocent, as we are all willing to betray others to save ourselves when placed in such a position. Quentin sees that blame for an event like the Holocaust needs to be accepted by everyone, for we are all capable of acting as the Nazis did. In the face of such knowledge, the only remedy is not to give up hope, and it is this aspect of Holga`s personality that draws Quentin. Her greatest strength is that of self-knowledge. He decides to take a chance and allow himself to love again. After the Holocaust, Miller realized that everyone is capable of evil, and so demands that everyone be partly responsible for any evil that is performed in the world. Miller emphasizes the moral responsibility of the human being as an evil creature. He asks people to accept guilt for the world`s atrocities through After the Fall. Quentin confesses his sins and conquers denial, reconstructing his life based upon love and responsibility and finds a self-identity with which he can continue to live. He learns what Miller sees as the lessons of the Holocaust: Self-acceptance, forgiveness and reconciliation.
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