원저 : 혈역학적으로 안정된 복부둔상환자에서 FAST의 유용성 평가
분야
의약학 > 외과학
저자
하상현 ( Sang Hyun Ha ) , 홍종근 ( Chong Kun Hong ) , 이준호 ( Jun Ho Lee ) , 황성연 ( Seong Youn Hwang ) , 최성희 ( Seong Hee Choi )
발행기관
대한외상학회
간행물정보
대한외상학회지 2012년, 제25권 제3호, 67~71페이지(총5페이지)
파일형식
19400627.pdf [무료 PDF 뷰어 다운로드]
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    영문초록
    Purpose: Focused Assessment with Sonography for Trauma (FAST) provides an important initial screening examination in adult trauma patients. However, due to its low sensitivity, FAST is not a replacement for computed tomography (CT) in hemodynamically stable trauma patients. The aim of this study was to determine the test characteristics of FAST in adult, hemodynamically stable, blunt abdominal trauma patients by using a critical action as a reference standard. Methods: The medical records for FAST examination at a single hospital from January 2009 to February 2011 were retrospectively reviewed. The inclusion criterion was isolated, hemodynamically stable, blunt abdominal trauma. Hemodynamically unstable patients or patients with penetrating injuries were excluded. The reference standard was the presence of a critical action, which was defined as one of the following: 1) operative intervention for a finding discovered on CT, 2) interventional radiology for bleeding, 3) transfusion of 2 or more packed RBCs, or 4) death at the emergency department.Results: There were 230 patients who met the inclusion criterion. There were 20 true positive, 206 true negative, 0 false positive, and 4 false negative results. The sensitivity and the specificity were 83% and 100%, respectively. Conclusion: Despite its low sensitivity for detecting any abnormal finding discovered on CT, negative FAST could aid to exclude critical action in hemodynamically stable, blunt abdominal trauma patients. (J Korean Soc Traumatol 2012;25:67-71)
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