연구보고 논문 : 마투라와 동아시아의 구법승(1)
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예체능 > 미술
저자
김혜원 ( Hae Won Kim )
발행기관
미술사와 시각문화학회
간행물정보
미술사와 시각문화 2004년, 제3권 236~267페이지(총32페이지)
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    The travel accounts of East Asian monks on their pilgrimages to India have long been regarded significant, yet seldom have they been examined critically in relation to Indian Buddhist JH. As the first-year research on "East Asian Pilgrims and Indian Buddhist Art," this articles looks into the Buddhist sites and sculptures of Mathura, one of the most important centers of Buddhist an during the Kushan and Gupta periods, in relation to the records of East Asian pilgrims. Several references to the Buddhist an in Marthura are found in the travel accounts of the two Chinese monks, Faxian and Xuanzang, who each visited the region in the fifth and the seventh centuries. Faxian zhuan (Biography of Faxian) and Da Tang xiyu ji (Great Tang`s Records of Western Regions) both mention that there were stupas for the worship of Sakyamuni`s disciples and bodhisarrvas. Da Tangxiyuji additionally mentions the statues for the disciples and bodhisattvas. While no surviving stupas in Mathura have been identified as such, it is possible that there exist relevant examples among a number of stupa remains and sculptural representations of stupas found in the region. The reference w the images of disciples and bod?hisattva is problematic as well, for there remain no images of disciples and very few bodhisattva images remain from the Gupta period. In Da Tangxiy" ji ate also noted the sires related to the Four Past Buddhas, smpas built by King Aoka, a stupa with Buddha`s relics and Upagupta`s monastery. in the previous studies, there have been some discussions on the exact location of Upagupra`s mOnaStely based on the descriptions in Da Tang xiyu ji. Scholars have regarded that it existed either in Kana and Kankali Tila, both of which are situated to the west of Mathura city. However, it should be pointed out that while the text give important information, it should be read more critically instead of simply regarding it as Xuanzang`s exact observation during his visit. In this sense, it is worth noting that the descriptions in Da Tangxiyu ji accord with those in the sutras such as Ayuw{lng zhuan (Biography of King Asoka) and Ayuwangjing(Sutra of King Asoka). It seems highly possible that large part of Xuanzang`s knowledge of Upagupta`s monastery derived from these sutras.
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