Sarnath, where Sakyamuni gives his first sermon to the 5 bhikkus, is the place that became one of the most important sacred places to Buddhists. What caused Sarnath to be a leading pilgrimage place is that it is the place where Sakyamuni preached for the first time after his enlightenment. At site, remains from the period of Sakyamuni is nor discovered. The oldest structure in Sarnath was built under the king Ashoka. Ashoka who was especially interested in development of 5arnith built the Ashoka stupa and a pillar. At Kushan period, there were also sanghas and the Buddhist monasteries, bur compared to those of Gandhara or Mathura, these were not par?ticularly a place to focus on. It was in Gupta period that Sarnath came up to the surface of Buddhism. And this was related to pilgrimages of many Buddhists. Many East Asian priests visited Sarnath and paid reverence, because of its importance in Buddhist history. And among those, there were several monks like Faxian, Xuan-zang, Ijing, Hyecho who recorded their journey. According to their records, they have the viewpoint of pilgrimages to follow the way of Sakyamuni at the Indi?an Buddhist sites. Those monks valued Sakyamuni`s previous lives and places where related with him. They have no interest in Buddhist art like contemporary research. They just left a little records of stupa, where commemorated special events or special relations and Ashoka pillar. Among those, Sarnath, Sakyamuni`s first preaching place and where had special relations with him, was recognized signifi-call. There arc several main remains excavated at Sarnath. Dharmarajika Stupa, Dhamekh Stupa, and Chaukhandi Stupa are located at Sarnath remain districts.