Michael Baxandall is widely regarded as one of the most distinguished art historians of the twentieth century. Born in 1933, He attended Manches?ter Grammar School and then Cambridge University where he received an M,A, He continued his postgraduate studies at the Universities of Pavia and Munich in Italy and Germany. In 1961 Baxandall joined the Department of Sculpture at the Victoria and Albert Museum in London, where he worked until 1965 when he left the Museum to become an assistant professor at the Warburg Institute of the University of London, He remained there until 1987 when he moved to the USA to take up a professorship at the University of California, Berkeley. This essay is an attempt to highlight his achievements as an art historian, focusing particularly on his most famous book Painting and Experience in Fifteenth-Century Italy, published in 1972. The book was one of the first books to investigate Italian Renaissance painting within the framework of social history. calling for a paradigm shift in the study of Renaissance art. Baxandall`s methods employed in the book, in contrast to the biographical approach, are primarily concerned with exploring how artists and the works of art they produced operated within their original social, commercial and religious contexts. Among the key concepts Baxandall devised in the book to advance his arguments is the ``period Eye``? The attempted reconstruction of the mental and visual equipment brought to bear on works of art in a given society and time. Adapting the notion of cognitive style developed in anthropology, Baxan-dall effectually argued for a kind of historically specifiable visual anthropology, that is, a way to view art via the actual experiences of the patrons and painters of the period, Equipped with a combination of phenomenal lin-guistic abilities, vast bibliographic resources, careful looking and sophisti-cated thinking, Baxandall provided penetrating insights into how to look at Italian Renaissance art from socio-cultural perspectives. Considered one of the founders of what has later come to be called visual culture` studies, Baxandall has been widely acknowledged as one of the most original thinkers both inside and outside art history.