Over the past few decades, many scientists and environmental activists emphasized the importance of sustainable society and warned the global warming. As one of efforts to achieve the sustainable society and maintain no more of global warming, the RDF (Refuse Derived Fuel) production from domestic solid is taken into account seriously in Daejeon, Korea. Currently, the pay per throw system is active from 1995 and is quite stabilized. Recyclable wastes such as metal scraps, glass, papers, and fibers like clothes should be discarded separately and not be mixed with other types of waste being disposed of eventually. To assess the potential for the conversion of domestic solid waste into a heat source, i.e., RDF, the proximate analysis, the classification into 10 components, and the calculation of heat value based on the result of the elemental analysis were performed. Based on the preceding analysis, the domestic solid waste produced daily in Daejeon, Korea has a potential for conversion into an alternative energy source, RDF in technical aspect. Proper blending of combustibles, however, is necessary to enhance the heating value of RDF being produced and to be more viable in economic aspect.