This article will explore the legal bases in which the constitutional question of abortion rights must be decided. Whether abortion is thought to involve sexual morality or reproductive responsibility and whether it is analyzed as a question of a woman`s right to privacy, of sex equality, or of state protection of potential life, issues of gender inequality and of the devaluation of woman pervade the entire field in ways that have not been adequately examined. Most works on constitutional theory offer interpretative strategies designed to elucidate the meaning of various constitutional provisions. Abortion policy implicates women`s privacy and equality. Typical analyses of Roe v. Wade conclude that, properly interpreted, the Fourteenth Amendment does or does not protect Abortion rights. Some Scholars focus on the equal protection clause in analyzing restrictions on abortion and emphasizing that the restrictions on abortion are one kind of state action forbidden by the equal protection rather than privacy doctrine. Chapter Ⅱ exarnines the traditional analysis that a degree of freedom to choose abortion is a right protected by the privacy guarantees implicit in the due process clause of the fourteenth amendment. this analysis is both appealing to and problematic for those concerned with improving the role and status of women. Chapter Ⅲ considers the main alternative analysis, which would ground women`s rights regarding abortion in the equal protection clause of the fourteenth amendment. A sex equality analysis raises the issue whether equal protection necessarily requires comparing women to men or whether sex equality should mandate an end to the subordination of women to men. ChapterⅣ examines several debates about whether abortion rights may imply the confluence of privacy and equality concerns by arguing for gender equality under the banner of privacy doctrine and equality arguments with the goal of increasing women`s privacy-related liberty. This article analyzes that for several decades abortion policy has been a focus of legal debates over regulating human reproduction. The right to privacy dominates discussions of constitutional abortion law, but connections between abortion rights and ideals of gender equality have not gone unnoticed. Despite the problems with and the debate surrounding privacy doctrine on general, it would be problematic to exclude from the right to privacy a women`s interest in choosing to have an abortion. Finally, I seek to suggest a possibility of that abortion rights may imply the confluence of privacy and equality concerns by arguing for openness to privacy under the banner of the equal protection.