데모크라시는 진정 "민주적"인가? -"공화국"과의 역사적 길항관계를 통해 본 데모크라시 개념의 재고-
분야
인문과학 > 서양사
저자
구자정 ( Ja Jeong Koo )
발행기관
한국서양사학회
간행물정보
서양사론 2013년, 제116권 7~38페이지(총32페이지)
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15001762.pdf [무료 PDF 뷰어 다운로드]
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    I argue that in East Asia, democracy has been wrongly confused with the idea of popular sovereignty, a misperception dating back to the late nineteenth-and early twentieth-century revolutionary discourse in modern China. In a heuristic search to identify the original meaning of democracy, this study investigates Athenian democracy and the Roman republic in classical antiquity, paying close attention to the historical oppositional distinction of democracy vs. republic. I argue that the original democracy practiced by the ancient Athenians was a peculiar form of political system featuring direct mass participation in politics, while the Roman republic was an alternative form of government, purportedly designed to prevent democracy by limiting popular participation in the public sphere and by opening it only to the selective and eligible "few." I also argue that, it is this oxymoronic nature of the "democratic republic" that made its modern resurrection susceptible to the constant challenge of mass democracy, the dominance of which leans towards the emergence of modern mass dictatorship, a phenomenon featuring another notable irony: destruction of democracy by democracy. I conclude that this paradoxical nature of democracy is still observable in post-colonial democratic republics, which turned out to be neither democratic nor republican.
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