天津市文化産業發展及其存在的問題分析
분야
사회과학 > 인문지리
저자
당영협 ( Ying Xia Tang ) , 유용 ( Yong Liu )
발행기관
한중사회과학학회
간행물정보
한중사회과학연구 2013년, 제26권 311~344페이지(총34페이지)
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    국문초록
    最近幾年、根據濱海新區先行先試的政策、天津市文化産業得到了迅猛發展、其附加치每年增長30%以上。天津市文化産業發展的潛力巨大。但同時也要看到天津市文化産業的發展水平仍處于中國的中等水平、與産業戰略要求相比仍有較大差距。天津市文化産業發展經曆了起步、成長、快速發展和提升四個階段、文化創意初具規模、廣播影視作品精品不斷、出版發行行業不斷壯大、數字動漫異軍突起、會展業成果逐步顯現。天津文化産業發展的特點有、首先以重大項目帶動産業發展、搭建文化産業發展平台。其次、以發揮濱海新區爲龍頭、帶動其他市區文化産業的發展。第三、充分利用現代金融平台、文化産業融資實現多元化。天津市文化産業發展的優勢是、首先、深厚的曆史底蘊和豊富的人文資源爲天津文化産業的發展奠定了堅實的基礎。第二、獨特的區位優勢爲天津發展文化産業厘청了通道。第三、經濟的快速發展爲天津文化産業的發展注入了原動力。第四、曲藝、民俗文化的百花齊放爲天津文化産業的發展提供了原材料。第五、政策的大力扶持爲天津文化産業的發展迎來了難得的機遇。第六、本地高校的大量人才的輸出爲天津文化産業的發展提供了强有力的人才支持。近幾年來、天津文化産業發展迅猛、但同時也要看到、天津市文化産業發展的總體水平還不高、遠低于支柱産業的要求: 文化體制機制不活、政事不分、事企不分的現象依然存在、統一開發、競爭有序的市場體系尙未形成、民營文化企業規模和數量較小、文化市場不구活躍;對文化資源的알掘、整合、開發利用還不足、文化與科技、旅遊、商貿結合不구緊密;文化企業普遍規模較小、産業聚集度不高、尙未形成具有較强影響的大新文化企業和産業集群;相關法規政策滯後、不能滿足急速發展的文化産業需求。根據以上特點和優勢、本文從政策、市場和法律的視角分析了天津文化産業發展存在的問題。首先、文化産業增加치不高、文化消費需求沒有全面釋放。第二、文化體制機制障碍、缺乏健全的宏觀體制和長效的微觀機制。第三、政策安排存在缺陷、生産和消費調控、引導不完善。第四、文化産業融資渠道不暢。第五、文化産業相關法規不完善。如何利用天津自身優勢、盡可能消除一些制約性因素、借助現有文化産業業態發展模式和格局、加快天津文化産業快速發展、把天津建設成富有獨特魅力和創造活力的文化强市、使天津文化競爭力走在全國前列、這是未來天津文化産業發展的目標定位。首先、制定完善≪天津市文化産業發展"十二五"規劃≫、指導文化産業科學發展。其次、實施實施區域協調發展戰略、重點業態優先戰略、項目聚集帶動戰略和特色文化品牌四大發展戰略。第三、合理進行空間布局。發展完善山、海、城、향"四帶多點"文化産業空間布局、開發利用區域優勢資源、確定發展重點、合理布局文化産業項目。第四、加大政策和資金扶持的力度。最後、進一步深化文化體制改革。放寬民營資本的准入機制、降低民營資本准入門檻、減少審批環節、鼓勵民營資本參與文化産業發展與振興、成爲市場主體。
    영문초록
    In recent years, relying on the policy of trying first in BinHai new area, the culture industry of TianJin develops rapidly, and the growth rate of added value is more than 30% annually. The culture industry of TianJin has a huge potential. But at the same time, the level of TianJin culture industry is still in the medium level in china, and it also far from the requirement of strategic industry. The development of TianJin municipality`s culture industry has experienced four stages including breaking the ice, growing up, rapid expansion and promoting. TianJin`s culture creativity begins to take shape, new broadcast, films and television program boutiques increase more and more, publishing and issue industry go from strength to strength, cultural tourism develops favorable, digital cartoon has been a new force suddenly rising, conference and exhibition industry appears step by step. TianJin`s culture industry development characteristic as followings, first, the major projects drive industrial development and construct the industrial platform of culture industry. Second, Binhai new area leads the rest downtown`s development of culture industry. Third, modern financial platform is used to realize the diversification of culture industry finance. This article will analyze the advantages and the development situation of TianJin culture industry. The advantage of the development of TianJin`s culture industry is as followings. First, the profound history details and abundant humanity resource provide solid basis for TianJin culture industry development. Second, unique location advantage clears the passageway of TianJin culture industry development. Third, rapid expansion of economy pours into the motive power for TianJin culture industry development. Four, Prosperous Chinese folk art forms and folk cultures supply the raw and processed materials for TianJin culture industry development. Fifth, Great policy support offers the good opportunity for TianJin culture industry development. Six, a large number of talents from TianJin`s colleges and universities afford the powerful talented persons for TianJin culture industry development. In recent years, TianJin culture industry developing rapidly, but at the same time, TianJin culture industry development of the overall level is not high, far less than the requirements of the pillar industries: culture system mechanism not to live, regardless of politics, the matter business regardless of the phenomenon still exists, unified development, competitive and orderly market system has not been formed, private cultural enterprise scale and quantity is small, cultural market is not active; Cultural resources to the mining, integration, development and utilization is insufficient still, culture and science and technology, tourism, business combination is not quite close together; Cultural enterprise is smaller, the industrial aggregation level is not high, has not been formed with strong influence of the large enterprises and industry cluster culture; Relevant laws and regulations policy lag, cannot satisfy the rapid development of the cultural industry needs. On the basis of this, the article will analyze the problem of the TianJin culture industry from the aspects of policy、market and legal views. First of all, the added value of the cultural industry is not high, cultural consumption demand no full release. Second, the mechanism of system of culture barriers, it lacks a sound macro system and long-acting microscopic mechanism. Third, policy arrangement defects, the production and consumption regulation, guide not perfect. Fourth, the cultural industry financing channel impeded. Fifth, the cultural industry is not perfect relevant laws and regulations. How to make use of their own advantages in TianJin, as far as possible eliminate some conditionality factors, with the aid of the existing culture industry development may mode and structure, speed up the TianJin culture industry rapid development, the construction of the TianJin into rich and distinctive charm and create vibrant culture strong city, TianJin cultural competitiveness go in the national front row, this is the future TianJjin culture industry development orientation. First of all, establish perfect the TianJin culture industry development "1025" planning, the guidance of scientific development of cultural industry. Second, the implementation of the implementation of the regional coordinated development strategy, key format priority strategy, project gathered drive strategy and special cultural brand.
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