얼치기완두 피복재배가 고추 주요 해충 및 천적에 미치는 영향을 평가하기 위하여 황색점착트랩을 이용하여 절지동물군의 발생을 조사하였으며, 고추에서 발생한 진딧물과 총채벌레의 밀도, 그리고 총채벌레와 담배나방에 의한 피해를 조사하였다. 황색점착트랩을 이용한 조사 결과, 고추 정식 전과재배 초기에 얼치기완두에서 고치벌, 진딧물 유시충, 총채벌레가 밀도가 높았다. 하지만 얼치기완두 피복재배구의 고추에서는 진딧물류가 유의하게 낮게 발생하였으며, 총채벌레류와 담배나방은 유의한 차이를 보이지 않았다.
Research Article : BACKGROUND: In organic agriculture, various cover crops have been used to control weeds. In this study, we investigated the suppressive effects of Vicia tetrasperma (L.) Schred (Eolchigi wandu) on the occurrence of major insect pests and their natural enemies in pepper. METHODS AND RESULTS: To estimate the effect of cover-crop on arthropod diversities and occurrences of insect pest in pepper. V. tetrasperma was sowed as cover-crop plot October, 2008 and 2009. Control plot was kept bare in winter season and mulched with black plastic-film before transplanting red pepper seedlings. Pepper seedlings, Capsicum annuum, were transplanted on the 19th of May, 2009 and on the 20th of May, 2010, respectively. Five Yellow sticky traps were set and changed at 7 days interval. Densities of aphids and thrips and damaged fruit rates by oriental tobacco budworm, Helicoverpa assulta, were counted. CONCLUSION(S): Populations of aphids, thrips and braconid wasps were maintained high on V. tatrasperma before transplanting pepper seedlings and in early season of pepper. However, the densities of aphids on pepper in the control plot were much higher than in the cover-crop plot in the early stage of pepper. Damaged fruit rates by both of thrips and oriental tobacco budworm were not significantly different between the two experimental plots.