우즈베키스탄 근대적 무슬림 지식인의 형성과 정치 활동
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인문과학 > 종교학
저자
손영훈 ( Young Hoon Son )
발행기관
한국이슬람학회
간행물정보
한국이슬람학회 논총 2013년, 제23권 제2호, 89~113페이지(총25페이지)
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    영문초록
    From the end of imperial Russia to the early period of Soviet Union in the territory of contemporary Uzbekistan there had been continuous conflicts between reformist and conservative Muslims. In these conflicts the conspicuous groups of muslim reformists is Jadidists, who had tried to change and reform by way of various social and cultural activities. These phenomenon had arisen in the all areas of Bukhara Emirate, Khiva & Kokand Khanate, which had been united as Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic after 1924. Most Jadidists literally interpreted and accepted soviet slogans of national self-decision and national liberalization, they actively supported and participated in political process of Soviet regime in UzSSR. In the period of early Soviet policy of Korenizatsiya(localization) Jadidists contributed to the stabilization of Soviet system and they influenced on local Soviet regimes. In the period of early Stalin-era autonomous factors, which had been facilitated in the Lenin`s reign, began to be removed from Soviet society, so almost Jadidists were purged from Stalinist Soviet society with the ``Great Purge`` of 1930s. Active central asian muslim-elite resistance movement against Soviet regime was Basmachi movement, which had been supported by Jadidists, Pan-turkism activists and left-wing turkistan nationalists. As muslim regimes in Khiva and Bukhara had frustrated by Bolshevik, Basmachi movements spreaded and got moderate success. After the death of leader Enver Pasha Bashmachi lost potentials and supports as anti-Bolshevik & soviet movemnts in the early period of Soviet Union. Both muslim reformist and conservative groups were succeeded to early Soviet Jadidists and Basmachi movements, but both groups inevitably perished by abandonment of soviet local autonomous policies in early Stalin-era and strong repressions against anti-soviet movements. Breakdown of Jadidists and Basmachi movements in early Soviet-era meaned disconnection of muslim elite traditions, which had been formed and stabilized pre-soviet periods, in the contemporary territories of Uzbekistan.
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