Induced abortion is an issue tabooed in Islamic cultures and it is not clearly defined or interpreted by Islamic laws or Islamic religion. The meaning of induced abortion is not clearly stipulated even by Coran which is the primary source of Islamic laws. So, legal scholars` interpretation of it has played an important role in Islamic definition of induced abortion; and induced abortion has been differently interpreted by each legal school. Yet, all the legal scholars consistently agree that induced abortion is not a sphere which is to be decided by men, and most of them concur that induced abortion may be permitted when the life of a woman in childbed is affected. However, each school of lawyers has different opinions about the time point when induced abortion can be permitted and there is also a difference even within a legal school. Currently, induced abortion is banned in Arabic and Islamic countries excluding Tunisia and Turkey. This thesis largely consists of two parts. In Chapter 2, Islamic opinions about induced abortion are discussed from legal and medical perspectives and kinds of punishments on induced abortion are also examined, so as to closely understand how Islam defines induced abortion. In Chapter 3, an investigation is made into whether or not Arabic and Islamic countries currently permit induced abortion, and a consideration is made of the implementation of related policies in those countries.