This article was written with TOSOK`s effort to trace and document the history of the tourism industry in Korea which includes the Enlightenment Era(1870-1910) and the Japan-ruling period(1910-1945) for the first time as a part of Korea`s tourism history. The former era saw the first advent of steamships and trains in Korean history. Trains made travel faster than ever and the steamships foreigners` travel to Korea possible. A few first modern hotels were built in Jemulpo(Incheon) due to the arrival of Hundreds of foreign psychocentric travellers. The first modern foundation of the Korean tourism industry was established during the latter era with the 1st travel agency and guides, modern hotels like Chosun Hotel, large and modern ocean steamships and high-speed trains, etc. These also made travel guide books published, travel tickets issued, travel advertisements put in magazines, travel movies cranked, travel informations contained in the newspapers for the first time in Korea. So it may be possible to call the Enlightenment Era a sprouting time and the Japan-ruling period a founding time in the history of the Korean tourism industry.