This study was conducted to investigate the relationship between ACE gene polymorphism and muscle damage parameters after eccentric exercise. 80 collegiate males were instructed to take an eccentric exercise with the elbow flexor muscle through the modified preacher curl machine for 2 sets of 25 cycles (total 50 cycles). The maximal isometric strength, muscle soreness, creatine kinase (CK), and myoglobin (Mb) were measured before exercise, and 0, 24, 48, 72, and 96 hrs after exercise. The result showed that after the eccentric exercise, the maximal isometric strength significantly decreased by more than 50% (p < 0.001) and the muscle soreness, CK, and Mb significantly increased compared to those before the exercise (p < 0.001). The ACE gene polymorphism of the subjects was classified using real-time polymerase chain reaction (real-time PCR). The result showed that it consisted of 38 cases of type II (46.4%), 33 cases of type ID (43.4%), and 9 cases of type DD (10.2%). The Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium for ACE gene polymorphism was shown to have p = 0.653, which showed that each allele was evenly distributed. Although significant differences in the changes in the maximal isometric strength, muscle soreness, CK, and Mb were found according to time course (p < 0.001), no significant differences in the changes in the maximal isometric strength, muscle soreness, CK, and Mb were found according to ACE gene polymorphism. Furthermore, no significant difference in the changes in the muscle damage parameters was found according to interaction between ACE gene polymorphism and time course (p > 0.05). In conclusion, the level of the muscle damage parameters changed in the injured muscle after eccentric exercise, but these changes in the muscle damage parameters were not affected by ACE gene polymorphism. The result of this study indicates that ACE gene is not a candidate gene that explains muscle damage.