치과위생사들이 업무를 수행하는데 있어 직업역량을 파악하고, 직업역량과 수행업무의 관계를 규명하며, 치과위생사의 핵심자기평가를 측정하고자 하였다. 치과(병)의원에 근무하는 종사자중 면허를 소지하고 있는 치과위생사 400명을 대상으로 조사하였으며, 총 279부를 회수하여, 분석에는 269부를 사용하였다. 자료를 분석하여 얻은 결론은 다음과 같다. 치과위생사들이 가지고 있는 역량은 성취와 행동, 대인영향력, 인지전문성 세 가지 하위분야별로 비슷하였으나, 실제로 업무를 수행하는데 있어 영향을 미치는 역량의 세 하위분야는 차이가 있었다. 또한 치과위생사들이 자신에 대한 긍정적 사고가 치 업무를 수행하는데 가장 많은 영향을 미치는 요소로 확인되었다. 총괄하여, 치과위생사들은 자기 자신의 업무수행활동을 분석하고 평가하는 시간이 필요하다고 검토되었다.
Objectives: This study evaluates the relationship between job competency, job performance, and core self-evaluation in dental hygienists. Methods: The subjects were registered and working dental hygienists in dental clinics. Two surveys were conducted. The first survey was conducted at an academic conference, and the second was via post. The conference participants were 200 dental hygienists, and 156 questionnaires were returned. Another 200 dental hygienists received the questionnaire via mail, and 123 returned the questionnaires. There were 279 questionnaires returned in total; however, only 269 questionnaires were included in the analysis. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS 12.0. Results: Job performance was classified into oral health education, prevention treatment, and dental assisting. Competency was classified into achievement and behavior, personal leverage, and recognition specialty. All competency of dental hygienists was similarly taken, but the factors influencing each competency differed from the contents of job performance. Thus, appropriate education and training programs are needed by dental hygienists. Factors such as recognition specialty competency, age, and core self-evaluation influenced oral health education. Recognition specialty competency and core selfevaluation influenced prevention treatment. Moreover, academic ability and core self-evaluation influenced concertation of treatment. Conclusions: These results indicate that the dental hygienists who have a more positive attitude have better job performance. Thus, dental hygienists require continuous evaluation to enhance their professional qualities.